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President's Pen
President's Pen

Rev. H. Roger Mills, Jr.
AHERN, INC., Founder-President
AHERN Magazine Publisher

A Chronological Look At Racism

Photo credit: Tulsa Historical Society & Museum, courtesy of All That’s Interesting

A Chronological Look At Racism

July 2020

The Tulsa race massacre (also called the Tulsa race riot, the Greenwood Massacre, or the Black Wall Street Massacre) took place on May 31 and June 1, 1921, when mobs of white residents attacked black residents and businesses of the Greenwood District in Tulsa, Oklahoma.  It has been called "the single worst incident of racial violence in American history." The attack, carried out on the ground and from private aircraft, destroyed more than 35 square blocks of the district—at that time the wealthiest black community in the United States, known as "Black Wall Street" (source:

On August 28, 1955, 14-year-old Emmitt Till was lynched in Mississippi, after being accused of offending a white woman in her family's grocery store. The brutality of his murder and the fact that his killers were acquitted drew attention to the long history of violent persecution of African Americans in the United States. Till posthumously became an icon of the civil rights movement.

On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama because she refused to give up her seat.

On June 12, 1963 NAACP's Field Secretary Medgar Evers was shot to death in his driveway in Jackson, Mississippi.

On September 15, 1963 in Montgomery, Alabama the 16th Street Baptist Church was bomb killing four young Black girl.

On January 30, 1965 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s home was bombed in Montgomery, Alabama by segregationists in retaliation for the success of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

The Selma to Montgomery marches were three protest marches, held in 1965, along the 54-mile highway from Selma, Alabama, to the state capital of Montgomery. The marches were organized by nonviolent activists to demonstrate the desire of African-American citizens to exercise their constitutional right to vote, in defiance of segregationist repression; they were part of a broader voting rights movement underway in Selma and throughout the American South. By highlighting racial injustice, they contributed to passage that year of the Voting Rights Act, a landmark federal achievement of the tcivil rights movement.  The Alabama State Troopers attack civil-rights demonstrators outside Selma, Alabama, on the Edmund Pettus Bridge on Bloody Sunday, March 7, 1965 (source:

The Watts Riots in Los Angeles.  On August 11, 1965, Marquette Frye, an African-American motorist on parole for robbery, was pulled over for reckless driving.  A minor roadside argument broke out, which then escalated into a fight with police. Community members reported that the police had hurt a pregnant woman, and six days of civil unrest followed. Nearly 14,000 members of the California Army National Guard helped suppress the disturbance, which resulted in 34 deaths and over $40 million in property damage. It was the city's worst unrest until the Rodney King riots of 1992. (source:

On April 4, 1968 on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated.

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